Organizatia Internationala a Muncii (OIM) este agentia specializata a Natiunilor Unite care cauta sa promoveze justitia sociala si recunoasterea internationala a drepturilor omului si drepturilor muncii.

A fost fondata in 1919 si este singura mare creatie supravietuitoare a Tratatului de la Versailles care a dus la aparitia Ligii Natiunilor. Organizatia Internationala a Muncii a devenit prima agentie specializata a Organizatiei Natiunilor Unite (ONU) in 1946.

OIM formuleaza standardele internationale in domeniul muncii sub forma unor Conventii si Recomandari. Acestea stabilesc normele de baza ale dreptului muncii: libertatea asocierii, dreptul la organizare, negocierea colectiva, abolirea muncii fortate, egalitatea sanselor si tratamentului si alte standarde care reglementeaza intreg spectrul problemelor dreptului muncii.

Organizatia Internationala a Muncii (OIM) acorda asistenta tehnica, in principal, in domenii ca:

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  • pregatirea si reabilitarea profesional/ocupationala;
  • politica angajarilor;
  • managementul muncii;
  • dreptul muncii;
  • conditii de munca;
  • dezvoltarea managementului;
  • cooperare;
  • securitate sociala

Organizatia Internationala a Muncii promoveaza dezvoltarea organizatiilor independente ale angajatilor si asigura acestora servicii de pregatire si asistenta.

In cadrul Natiunilor Unite, OIM are o structura tripartita unica: angajatii si angajatorii participa, ca parteneri egali, alaturi de reprezentantii guvernelor in cadrul organelor de conducere proprii.

In timpul sesiunile de lucru, Conferinta Generala a Organizatiei Internationale a Muncii adopta o serie de conventii. Romania recunoaste Organizatia Internationala a Muncii si a ratificat o parte din conventiile elaborate de catre OIM.